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In ancient times the Kifissos River was so full of water and its flow was so constant that it was regarded as a god. Kifissos worship was found in Phaliron and in Oropos, he was believed to be the son of Ocean and Tithous. The Attic Kifissos was the father of Diogenes and grandfather of Praxithes, married to Erechtheos, and Elios. In Amfiareo, near Oropos, an altar was shared with the nymphs Pana and Axeloo. Kifissos raped the nymph Leiropi in his waters, from which union Narcissos was born. According to some traditions the Kifissos area was where Persephone was abducted by Plutos. On the banks of the river men of the Fitalidon tribe received Theseus and pardoned him of the murders of the criminals which he had committed. Forgiven, Theseus then entered Athens.
Kifissos is shown on the left-hand side in the western pediment of the Parthenon.
The western pediment was still intact in 1674 when it was drawn by J. Carrey. During the explosion of the armaments store and when the Elgin marbles were stolen many sculptures were destroyed. Elgin took most of the statues and left the group with Kekropa, Pandroso and Kalliroi, slivers and parts of horses had already broken off and were found later on during excavations.
From left to right are: Kifissos, Kekrops – Pandrosos, Hermes, Athina, Poseidon, Athina, Iris, Ampitriti, Oreithuia, and two female forms Illisos, and Kalliroi.
We think that the pediment looked like this:
It is to be found in the British Museum. It pictures a moment frozen in time, with their beautiful bodies turned towards the viewer. It is said to have much in common with the statue of Zeus in Olympia.
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