Leonidas King of Sparta 14x22cm
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Leonidas (540bc-480bc) was the third son of Anaxandridas II of Sparta, and thus belonged to the Agiad dynasty, who claimed descent from the demigod Heracles. he was a king of the city-state of Sparta.
In summer of 480 BC, Xerxes, the king of Persia, was attacking Greece.he had already conquered northern Greece and he was coming to the south, the Greeks decided to unite and confront him in Thermopylae, a narrow passage in central Greece. Leonidas and 300 soldiers, went off to Thermopylae to join the other Greek armies. The Greeks were about 4,000 soldiers, while the Persian army consisted of 80,000 soldiers. Xerxes waited for 4 days, believing that the Greeks would surrender. When he sent his heralds to the Greeks, asking for their weapons, as a sign of submission, Leonidas said the historical phrase Come and get them!
The Greeks were resisting, until a local man, Ephialtes, revealed to the Persians a secret passage to circle the Greeks and win the battle. Seeing that the Persian army were about to circle them, Leonidas asked the other Greeks to leave the battlefield while he and his army would cover their escape. Therefore, Leonidas with his 300 Spartans and 700 Thespians, who refused to leave, stayed back to fight the huge Persian army. They were all killed in the battlefield, in this deathtrap, protecting their homeland and their values. A Spartan would either return from war as a winner, or he should not return at all.
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