Nike by Paeonius 14x22cm
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In Greek mythology, Nike Greek: Νίκη, "Victory", was a goddess who personified victory, also known as the Winged Goddess of Victory. The Roman equivalent was Victoria. Depending upon the time of various myths, she was described as the daughter of the Titan Pallas and the goddess Styx, and the sister of Kratos (Strength), Bia (Force), and Zelus (Zeal).
Paeonius (Greek: Παιώνιος Paionios) of Mende, Chalkidiki was a Greek sculptor of the late 5th century BC. He most likely received his early training in Northern Greece and is thought to have later adapted Athenian stylistic elements into his own work, based upon his probable interaction with the Olympia workshop of Pheidias.
The only work that can be positively attributed to him is the statue of Nike (c. 420 BC) discovered at Olympia. According to the inscription on the base, it was commissioned by the people of Messenia and Naupactus as a victory dedication from an unnamed conflict. Given the historical events in this period, scholars most often consider it connected with the Peloponnesian War, likely the joint victory of the Athenian-Naupactian allies over Sparta in the battle of Sphacteria, 425 BC.
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